Tuesday, October 21, 2008

Let's Learn German Together - Vocabulary

The words are arranged in the order of their appearance. This post will keep getting updated.

Lesson 0:

German - English
-------------------------
hallo - hi
wie - how
geht - goes
es - it
Ihnen - to you (polite form)
dir - to you (informal form)
gut - fine
danke - thank you
und - and



Lesson 1:

German - English
--------------------------
wie - how
war - was
die - the (feminine)
Reise - journey
nicht - not
schlecht - bad
bist - are
du - you (informal form)
müde - tired
nein - no



Lesson 2:
German - English
--------------------------
wie - how
lange - long
bist - are
du - you
hier - here
für - for
eine - one
Woche - week
das - that
ist - is
sehr - very
schön - beautiful (here: nice)
ich - I
kann - can
dir - to you (informal form)
im(=in dem) - in the
Wochenende - weekend
zeigen - to show
prima - great

Lesson 3:
German - English
--------------------------
was - what
wird - from werden (becomes) see text for more details.
du - you (informal)
jetzt - now
machen - to make (here, do) see text for more details
zuerst - first
ich - I
möchte - would like
etwas - something
trinken - to drink
dort drüben - over there
ist - is
ein - a
Cafe - cafe
gehen - to go
wir - we
dort - there

Lesson 4:

German - English
-------------------------
entschuldigen Sie - excuse me. ("Sie" is "you" , but ...)
herr - Mr.
Ober - waiter
Guten - good (Guten because Tag is male; a female would have meant Gute)
Tag - day (male)
was - what
möchten - would like
Sie - you (formal)
Ich - I
möchte - would like (different verb ending but same as möchten - we will come to this too, later)
eine - one
Tasse - cup (female)
Tee - Tea (male)
mit - with
Zitrone - lime (female)
bitte - please
sicher - sure
verstehe - understand
Deutsche - German (male)
und - and
nehme - take
ein - one
Glas - Glass (neuter)
Saft - juice (male)
Orangensaft - orange juice (male)
sehr - very
Gut - good
sonst noch etwas - anything else (used by shopkeepers a lot)
möchtest - would you like (similar to möchten - but goes with "du")
du - you (informal)
etwas - something
Wie bitte - beg your pardon
zu - to
essen - to eat
Ja - yes
zweimal - two (times)
Schokoladenkuchen - chocolate cake
für - for
beide - both
sofort - immediately

Lesson 6:

German - English
-------------------------
wer – who
ist – is
das – that (das can also mean “the” – look for context)
ein – a / one
Freund – friend (m.)
von – of
mir – mine
was – what
es – it
über – about (this could also mean “over”)
ich – I
muss – have to / must
jetzt – now
gehen – to go (“ich gehe” becomes “ich muss gehen” – the main verb takes the infinitive form when pushed to the last by the modal verb)
hier – here
Ihr – your (formal)
Tee – tea (m.)
mit – with
Zitrone – lime
Saft – juice
und – and
zweimal – two (times)
Schokoladekuchen – chocolate cake (when a noun is plural the gender doesn’t matter – we will get to this later)
danke schön – thank you (danke schön transliterates to beautiful thanks, but in this context it just means heartfelt thanks)
bitte schön – transliterates to beautiful please, but in this context it means you are welcome
wie – how
heißt – called (heißen = to be called)
dein – your (informal)
er – he
Engländer – English (man)
kommt – comes (kommen = to come)
aus – from (out of)
für – for
nur – only
Woche – week (f.)
ihm - him (this form of him comes with “mit”. Otherwise, ihn = him. We will discuss this later)
kaufen – to buy, to shop

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2 comments:

Anonymous said...

i think you meant to write sehr instead of seht

Amitabh said...

Thank you!
You are absolutely correct. The word in lesson 4 is indeed "sehr". I have corrected.
Best Regards,
Amitabh

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